What Are Some Types Of Mental Health Disorders


mental health disorders

Mental health disorders are characterized by a range of symptoms and are often associated with an individual’s thoughts, moods, behaviors, and relationships in the major sections of their lives. The most common type of mental disorder is depression. This disorder can be identified by the inability to cope with normal stresses and feelings of sadness, anxiety, guilt, and self-pity. Other mental health disorders are schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Some other less common types of mental health disorders include post-traumatic stress disorder, eating disorders, substance abuse, autism, and schizophrenia.

Need For Early Detection And Intervention Of Mental Disorders

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There is also a growing need for early detection and intervention of mental health disorders in adolescents. This can reduce morbidity and improve wellness. Treatment of adolescent anorexia nervosa has reached epidemic proportions. It requires an obstetrician-gynecologist or pediatrician who has a comprehensive understanding of sexually transmitted diseases and is committed to working with adolescents. Early detection can minimize complications and improve survival among adolescents with mental health disorders.

Responsibility For Adolescent Health Care

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An obstetrician-gynecologist has overall responsibility for adolescent health care. He or she must have a thorough knowledge of pregnancy, fertility, sexually transmitted diseases, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Obstetricians require specific training to diagnose and treat sexually transmitted diseases and in all settings. Obstetricians can either specialize in pediatrics or family medicine, depending on the region. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the American Academy of Pediatricians (AAPG) provide standards of training and certification for obstetrician-gynecologists.

There are various mental disorders, and their treatment, prevention, and early identification are based on various criteria. Psychological disorders are grouped into three basic categories: personality disorders, anxiety disorders, and developmental disorders. A psychiatrist will examine a patient and give a formal diagnosis. Based on the disorder, treatment, including psychotherapy, medication, and social skills, is recommended. Mental health problems that affect adolescents can be difficult for the adolescent’s family and friends to understand and for the adolescent to face.

Recognizing A Mental Disorder Symptoms

As a parent, it is important to recognize a mental disorder’s symptoms in your loved one. A mental health issue can disrupt daily life and lead to a sense of distress for the adolescent and their family. Teenagers experience many symptoms that can appear to be normal but which indicate an underlying problem. Suicidal thoughts and actions can be symptoms of bipolar disorder, depression, substance abuse, or schizophrenia. If your teen is showing signs of mental illness, you should seek medical assistance.

Disrupting Patterns Of Functioning

Mental illnesses include disrupting normal patterns of functioning, negative or unusual thoughts and feelings, and changes in sleep and diet. Teenagers are at greater risk of developing psychiatric disorders if they are experiencing abuse or neglect. The symptoms of these mental illnesses vary from person to person and are often subtle. Symptoms can include mood swings, difficulty sleeping, constant thoughts, panic attacks, and depression. Teenage girls may experience extreme hair pulling and facial hair growth.

Categories Of Psychiatric Disorders

There are several categories of psychiatric disorders. The most common are schizophrenia and post-traumatic stress disorders. Schizophrenia is a condition in which patients have disjointed thoughts, hallucinations, and self-harm. Post-traumatic stress disorder is common among soldiers and those who experience disasters or violent attacks. Anxiety disorders are thought to be the number one cause of divorce in America.

Sexual Dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction is a symptom that is not common in all cases, but it can be very disruptive to a relationship when it occurs. It is characterized by decreased libido, lack of interest in sex, irregular periods, and infertility. Personality disorders include major depression, bipolar disorder, social anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. These disorders are not mutually exclusive, and each type of personality disorder can also result in significant distress. Psychological disorders such as anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia, and post-traumatic stress disorder are not mutually exclusive. If they are present in the same patient, both will likely result in some level of psychological distress.

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