Understanding the Difference Between Disorders and Mental Health Problems

Disorders Mental Health

Although the definition of a mental disorder is not clear, most people agree that disorders refer to a collection of mental illnesses or conditions that interfere with the normal activities of the human brain. The most common of these conditions is schizophrenia, but there are many other types of mental illnesses and mental conditions that have been linked to various forms of mental illness, including mood disorders and addictive behaviors.

The first step in identifying a disorder is determining its cause. Although schizophrenia is a genetic disease, there are several environmental factors that may contribute to the onset of the disease, including stressful situations, an unstable family environment, and poor nutrition.

People with schizophrenia also tend to develop a pattern of behavior that leads to depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. These conditions can also be related to the symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations and delusions.

Types Of Disorders

A person standing in front of a brick building

There are also a number of common types of disorders that are associated with mental health problems, including depression, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, social phobia, and generalized anxiety disorder. Of these disorders, the most common ones, including bipolar disorder and post traumatic stress disorder, usually do not have a known cause. Researchers have speculated that certain medications and certain brain chemicals may play a role in these disorders.

Emotional disorders are not just related to physical symptoms, however. A person suffering from an emotional disorder may have a number of mental disorders, including depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post traumatic stress disorder.

These conditions often interfere with a person’s ability to function properly within their daily routine, as well as affecting their relationships with others. Sometimes, emotional disorders are associated with other physical disorders, such as low levels of energy or depression that has not been treated.

Mental Health Problems


The most common causes of mental health problems are chemical imbalances within the body, such as excessive amounts of dopamine in the brain, or excessive amounts of serotonin. The serotonin level may fluctuate because the body is under a lot of stress or it may be causing the body to produce too much of certain substances. In addition, medications and brain chemicals may contribute to mental health problems. The most common of these is antidepressants, which are commonly prescribed by doctors and psychiatrists for patients who suffer from major depression and other mental disorders.

Sometimes, a mental health problem cannot be diagnosed on its own, and the patient is forced into treatment by the patient or his or her family. This is usually the case if there is no cure for the underlying condition or disorder. If a patient chooses to go through medication, treatment options include psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, or a combination of both to treat the patient’s mental health problems. Psychotherapy is often considered the most effective method of treating mental health disorders, especially when combined with medication.


Psychotherapy has been used since the 1970s to help people deal with mental health disorders. Psychotherapy can be classified into two main categories, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy refers to counseling sessions that focus on the patient’s thoughts and behavior and focuses on ways to change negative behaviors, while interpersonal therapy deals with the patient’s relationship with others.

Final Verdict

Other types of therapy may include medication or hypnotherapy. Medications used in psychotherapy include antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which are prescribed to reduce serotonin in the brain. Both types of psychotherapy are often used in combination to treat a specific mental illness, while some patients may be referred to hypnotherapists.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter