Malnutrition And Its Risk Factors

Malnutrition and its Risk Factors

Malnutrition leads to a lot of risk factors for a human being. It doesn’t show up during pregnancy or right after birth but eventually, the effects are noticed. A malnourished person is affected by malnutrition because of improper care and lack of healthy meals during pregnancy or after birth. When a developing baby in its mother’s womb isn’t provided with all the necessary nutrients, it takes birth as malnourished. Lack of nourishment can lead to various health issues such as low birth weight, weak immunity system, etc.

Under the current global scenario, malnutrition is a worldwide problem. It is mainly caused due to lack of nutritious food and healthy meals. Many underdeveloped countries are trying to fight this problem. The malnutrition problem is fuelled by a couple of factors such as poverty, widespread of diseases, non-availability of medications, etc.

Malnutrition and its Risk Factors
Malnutrition and its Risk Factors

Factors Affecting Nutrition

Here we have listed a couple of common factors which lead to malnutrition.

  1. Poverty: This is one of the major causes of malnutrition. Countries lying below the poverty line have a higher number of cases of malnutrition. This because they have a low-income rate so they cannot provide healthy meals to their families. The low socio-economic background individuals are mostly malnourished. Apart than this, a higher rate of population and poor sanitation are also the root causes of malnutrition.
  2. Infectious diseases: Diseases such as intestinal worms, malaria, diarrhea, etc leads to malnutrition. It effectively weakens the immune system and restricts the body from absorbing nutrients.  
  3. Medication and Surgery: Surgeries such as the system surgery is effective enough to reduce a person’s appetite which leads to malnutrition. Various medications such as chemotherapy are also effective enough to diminish the health of any person. It causes eating difficulties which result in lack of nutrient supply to the body.
  4. Chronic diseases: Diseases such as HIV AIDS, cancer, etc is chronic enough to reduce a person’s ability to consume food. As a result, the person tends to become malnourished.
Malnutrition and its Risk Factors
Malnutrition and its Risk Factors


Children are malnourished due to these two basic reasons:

  1. Adolescent mothers: An adolescent mother often gives birth to a malnourished child. In the case of mature or older women, this problem doesn’t exist. The reason behind is that being an adolescent woman, the girl isn’t capable of providing all the necessary nutrients to the child. As a result, the child is born malnourished. The child is born with low birth weight and many physical disabilities.
  2. Breastfeeding: The idle food for a child right after birth is breast milk. It is the one and only food which a child must consume till 6 months. Breast milk has all the nutrients required by an infant. It provides strength, develops immunity power, helps in physical growth, etc. An infant who doesn’t get enough breast milk is known as a malnourished baby.


A couple of reasons for adult malnourishment:

  1. Pregnancy: A pregnant woman needs a lot of nutrients to provide for herself and the baby. This is also applicable to breastfeeding women. When a woman doesn’t get enough healthy meals during her pregnancy, she suffers from malnutrition.
  2. Alcohol and Drugs: Both alcohol and other drugs are lethal enough to reduce your appetite. This, in turn, blacks the supply of nutrients to the body. As a result, the person suffers from malnutrition.

Considering all the above-mentioned risk factors, you need to be extra careful with your health to avoid malnutrition.

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